Reading can be particularly
difficult for students with learning disabilities. See the Reading
and Writing Modules
for more suggestions.
books are adapted, they can making reading more successful and enjoyable for children.
Adaptations can include making book easier to use (turning pages, holding), text
easier to read (simplify, change) and to remember. The Boston Public Schools Access
Technology Center addressed this need in a workshop, Recipe
for Adapting Books, that offers a systematic approach to the process
of adapting books.
using hard copy books, try applying color coding to emphasize key points. To do
- Pens, markers, hightlighter tape, folders, etc.
notes for headings, labels, etc.
- Sentence strips; story sequence, retelling
Text can be re-written
in a lower reading level, printed out on re-useable labels and adhered to the
pages of a book to make text more accessible for all students in a class.
There are an increasing number of books available in e-text format.
Benefits of this format includes the ability to change how the text appears. How
a student sees the text can impact her ability to read and comprehend. Cluttered
pages with little white space and small print makes reading more difficult. With
e-text, try resizing the font and controlling the color contrast of the text
and background to make onscreen reading easier.
Studies show that
when a student can listen to text being read as they follow along, comprehension
may be enhanced. Try using books on tape or CD or digitizing text by using scanners
and text-to-speech software programs. Several textbook publishers are working
towards e-text versions:
Hall SuccessNet Several Middle and High School textbooks are now available
in electronic format. These "iText" versions include the complete textbook
which has been enhanced certain images with videos, slide shows and other multi-media
works together with publishing companies to create digital versions of
college textbooks. Original textbooks are provided in full, page-by-page, graphic-by-graphicwhile
providing interactive experiences.
to Finish Books
These books have been re-written for 2/3 and 4/5
level readers. Over 60 titles are available and come in 3 formats: audiocassette,
hardcover book and CD book. Software features include enhancing text with definitions
and explanations of text, bookmarked pages, and audible reading.
Project Intersect is creating a set of digital books, available
to be read via the Internet. These books are infused with a wide variety of resources
to support comprehension, extend reading strategies, provide background information,
improve content area achievement, and to help students meet state standards. Available
of Opal Whiteley
Bautista de Anza
of Virginia Reed
of the Species
Books Collection (subscription required)